The climatic conditions of India are classified into – Alpine (high altitudes of the Himalayas), Sub-Tropical (Northern India), Tropical (Tropical Wet Monsoon Type and Tropical Dry Climate), and Arid (Western high temperature and low rainfall) zones. The main seasons of the country are recognized to be winter (December to February), summer (March to May), monsoons (June to September), and a post-monsoon period (October to November).
The climatic conditions in India are so varied that it could be scorching hot in the mid-land or in South India while places like Himachal in the North would be experiencing chilly weather. In fact, consider the location of the Himalayas in the North-Eastern region of the country and the Thar Desert in the West. Yes, topography and geographical expansion have very much contributed to the existing weather conditions in India.
One ideal example of topography affecting Indian climate is the towering Himalayas is which blocks the entry of the frigid katabatic winds from Central Asia. This is why the northern and central regions of India experience extremely hot weather in summer. In fact, central India is said to experience high-temperature conditions up to 45 degrees Celcius in summer.
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Climatic Conditions in India
Summer in India
The country begins to face hot and humid conditions by the end of February. Soaring temperatures are reported to take many lives around the northeastern regions of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The conditions are quite similar around central India as well. Tourists traveling to India during the summer months more often than not prefer to visit the hills in a way to escape the heat.
A hot dry wind called “loo” is a predominant feature during the summer months. This wind hits most parts of the country especially the northern belt of India.
Monsoons in India
The monsoons or the “rainy season” hits the continent in June and lasts till about September. Moisture-laden winds called the “South-West Monsoons” hit the western coasts of Kerala and travel across the country to the Bay of Bengal to finally rich the eastern and northern plains.
Post-Monsoon Type of Climate in India
The months of October and November is bustling with Indian tourists owing to the predominance of the post-monsoon type of climate which is neither too cool nor too hot. Regions like Delhi start experiencing chilly winds during the late evening and mornings during the post-monsoon season. Some states remain humid during October.
Winter in India
Winter picks pace around the middle of December and lasts till February. Northern regions experience absolutely cool climates. If you’re looking forward to visiting snow-capped hills, then Shimla, Manali would be ideal places to visit in winters. Just stack enough clothing to keep yourself warm at the high altitudes.
Such weather combinations can really put you in a fix to travel to India in an appropriate month or season. There is little to worry about as the ideal time to tour South India is assumed to be during the months of December to September, North India between the months of March to August, the dry and arid deserts in the West during the monsoons between July to September and the mountains like Himachal or Kashmir between May to September when other parts of the country are experiencing extremely hot weather conditions.